Dolls House lighting through the periods by the Specialist
Lighting Information year by year
For Dolls Houses or any miniatures you are doing
Over the centuries lighting has evolved from the earliest crude animal oil and tallow candles through beeswax candles and different oils to gas, paraffin and finally modem electricity. But how do you know what to place in your house? If you are going to be true to the chosen period and style of house the information below gives an indication of the evolution of lighting.This also clearly shows the considerable 'overlap' of lighting methods through the ages.
Anglo - Saxon period 927–1066
Mostly firelight,but also naked torches,rush lights,Tallow or beewax candles and chambersticks in wealthy or monastic homes Uaually tallow candles in person rooms
Norman period 1066–1154
Tudor period 1485–1603
Beeswax or tallow candles for the nobility, wealthy merchants and the clergy. Cartwheel chandeliers in the great hall and kitchen. Rush or oil torches for lighting public rooms and corridors.
Firelight or crude oil lamps - open bowl or floating wick /fish-oil lamps or rush lights for the poorer households.
Elizabethand period 1558–1603
Stuart period 1603–1714
Rush lights and crude oil lights for the poorer classes, otherwise as Tudor. Increasing use of candles in. Merchant homes and above.
Georgian period 1714–1830
EARLY GEORGIAN Beeswax candles / Brass Candelabras / Brass Wall Candles / multiple Candle Lanterns in Brass & Glass.Cartwheel candelabra in kitchens. Chambersticks with tallow candles in private and bedrooms
LATE GEORGIAN Increased use of wall and table oil lamps in public rooms.Candlesticks in bedroom
Victorian period 1837–1901
EARLY VICTORIAN Candlesticks and chandeliers as for Georgian and Regency.
Oil lamps with glass shades/chamber sticks and oil lamps in upper rooms.
Introduction of domestic gas lighting from 1850 - flame usually upwards.Shade [if present] with hole at top.
LATE VICTORIAN Gas wall and ceiling gasoliers [ flame downwards with lime mantles ] and oil table lights Candles and oil in bedrooms. Electric light at turn of Century, mostly in wealthier town houses.
Edwardian period 1901–1910
1920'S Electricity in most town and city houses with some gas wall lights
1940's Fluorescent light introduced in USA. In Europe from late 1940's
1960's Novelty lamps: "Lava Lamps, "downlighters"
1970'S Low-voltage Halogen lights, "uplighters"
Alternatively you can use modern electric lighting and furnishings whatever the age of the building itself as in real life!
We hope this 'potted' history has helped you to decide on the type of lighting you want in your house. Whatever you decide, We have a wide range Lighting for 1/12 and 1/24 scale we look forward to helping you MAKE YOUR DREAM HOUSE BRIGHTER!